Water and sanitation
Without water, life would not exist. However, according to the UN-water global analysis and assessment of sanitation and drinking-water in 2014, 748 million people lack access to improved drinking-water and it is estimated that 1.8 billion people use a source of drinking-water that is faecally contaminated.
Even though much progress has been achieved over the years, with 2.3 billion people who have gained access to improved drinking-water between 1990–2012, the UN has set ‘ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all’ as the sixth Sustainable Development Goal. Water and sanitation is at the core of the new 2030 Agenda, with linkages to health, food security, climate change and natural disasters. In particular, the goal involves achieving universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030, as well as achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.
Since its establishment in 2001, AIID has conducted research on the (cost-)effectiveness of water and sanitation programs. We are currently evaluating a program in Vietnam that aims to improve the supply and quality of drinking water in Ba Ria – Vung Tau province.
Enhancing supply and quality of drinking water in Vietnam
This project is defined as the development and maintenance of a complete stand-alone drinking water supply system, in order to meet water demand of the people in rural areas as well as to improve water quality. Two raw water intake systems and two water treatment plants are being built at the moment together with additional metered connections. It covers the Ba Ria – Vung Tau province in Vietnam.
The project will be evaluated using a survey and water tests. The survey consists of a household questionnaire, a firm questionnaire and a community questionnaire, asking about the used water sources. The baseline survey is currently ongoing. The endline survey will be conducted in 2017.